What’s the difference between weather and climate
Climate is defined as the weather condition of a particular area for a long period of time, and it differs from the weather that describes the weather condition of a particular area in a short period. Climate comes from the Greek word klíma, which means slope or decline. Climate affects human activity, and the climate, in turn, is influenced by various human activities, as well as by climate elements.
Precipitation is defined as the condensation of water from clouds to the Earth’s surface in various forms, including
Rain: It is water that falls from clouds his state liquid, and the form droplets spherical shape.
Ice pellets or sleet: water that descends from clouds in the liquid state, but freezes before it reaches the Earth’s surface.
Hail: Hail differs from ice particles because it forms when the raindrops freeze before they fall and fall to the ground in its hard form. The hail is often small, but the diameter of the hail grains can be up to 15 centimetres and can weigh more than half a kilogram. Snow: In the clouds, snow forms in separate ice crystals, but when it falls it sticks together in ice sheets. The snow differs from the cold as it feels soft while the cold is hard.
Know the moisture ( Humidity) as the amount of water vapour in the air, the relative humidity, it is water vapour in the air intake for the amount of water vapour required for the air becomes saturated at the same temperature. Increased humidity in the atmosphere increases the sensation of heat, increases mould formation in homes, affects and damages electronic devices and is associated with hurricanes, but high humidity areas, on the other hand, are characterised by biodiversity.
Temperature is a measure of the heat or cold of a particular object. Hot objects have high energy, and their molecules move very quickly. The temperature automatically moves from the highest temperature to the lowest, and the temperature is measured in degrees Fahrenheit, or degrees Celsius. In terms of climate, the temperature of a particular climate zone is affected by cold waves and heatwaves.
Known as atmospheric pressure ( Atmospheric Pressure) as the weight of the air force, it is usually measured by the device barometer. Atmospheric pressure is an indication of the weather. Low pressure leads to accumulation of clouds, rain, and wind, while high pressure leads to mild weather… The sudden transition from high-pressure to low-pressure zones causes decompression sickness, also called diveriasis, because it affects divers moving from deep sea to the surface very quickly.
Solar Radiation is the amount of solar energy that reaches the Earth. Solar energy, which reaches one square meter of the Earth’s surface, is estimated at 1365 watts, 31% of which is reflected in space, but the energy that we reach is sufficient for all vital activities. Moving winds and ocean currents.
The amount of solar radiation received by a given region depends on two factors. The first is the elevation angle of the sun, which varies with the change of location relative to latitudes, time of year, and time of day. On the afternoon of June 22, while reaching its lowest level on December 22, the opposite is true in the southern hemisphere at the orbit of Capricorn (23.5 degrees S). Spread over a larger area; The second factor that affects the amount of solar radiation is the length of the day period in that region.
Know the wind (Wind) as the movement of air from the high-pressure area to the low-pressure areas. The sun heats the Earth’s surface in an uneven way. The amount of rays reaching the equator is larger than the poles, and the temperature difference causes the pressure to vary. Therefore, the air moves from the equator to the north and south to balance the different pressure areas. The relationship between wind and atmospheric pressure is known as the Coriolis Effect. In the Northern Hemisphere, winds blew clockwise in high-pressure areas. These winds are mild, while in the southern hemisphere, winds counter-clockwise in low-pressure areas, and winds are strong.
Tropical Climates are divided into the following species:
Wet Tropical Climates:
The humid tropical climate is characterised by high temperatures, annual rains exceeding 150 centimetres, and high-temperature variability during the day. The pre-dawn temperature ranges from 20-23 ° C, Afternoon is between 30-33 degrees Celsius, and the average monthly temperatures remain fairly constant throughout the year. Examples of humid tropical climates are Hawaii, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and Belem, Brazil.
Tropical monsoon climate:
The seasonal tropical climate is known for seasonal winds blowing from sea to land in summer, and from land to sea in winter. The seasonal tropical climate prevails in South Asia and West Africa.
Tropical Wet and Dry Climate:
It is also called the continental tropical climate, and the tropical savannah climate relative to the grassland (savannah). Areas with a tropical continental climate such as Havana in Cuba and Kolkata in India are characterised by three seasons, a cold and dry season, a hot and dry season, and a hot and humid season.
Divided into Arid Dry Climates: It is characterised by low annual rainfall ranging from 10 to 30 centimetres.
Semiarid Dry Climates: It is characterised by low annual rainfall ranging from 25 to 50 centimetres. Mild climate (Mild Climates)
divided into Mediterranean Climate: The prevailing climate in the Mediterranean basin, characterised by warm summers and mild, rainy winters.
Humid Subtropical: characterised by violent storms, hot and humid summers, and winters that may be extremely cold. The average annual rainfall ranges between 76 and 165 centimetres distributed throughout the year. Humid subtropical climates appear in cities such as Shanghai in China, Savannah in Georgia, in the United States, and Sydney in Australia.
Marine West Coast: characterised by longer winters and colder than the Mediterranean climate, with an average temperature of about 5 degrees Celsius. The west coast maritime climate prevails in Seattle, Washington in the USA and Wellington in New Zealand.
Continental Climates: A transitional climate between temperate and polar climate, appears in the interior of continents, characterised by colder winters, longer snow, shorter growth periods, and extreme seasonal variations. Polar Climates is divided into Tundra climate is characterised by a short summer in which the temperature can reach 10 degrees Celsius, and the presence of many plants and animals.
Ice Cap: The climate in the Arctic and Antarctica, where it is rare to rise above zero even during the summer. High Elevation Climates are characterised by varying temperatures and precipitation levels. For example, in Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, the climate is tropical at the base, and polar at the top.