Mountains consist of steep or circular slopes of a high point rising from the area around 300 meters or more. It can be a single mountain or a group of mountains known as the mountain range. The mountains are formed by breaking down pieces of the earth’s crust called plates. Plate tectonics, causing them to clump together.
Mount Everest Facts The largest mountain in the world
Mount Everest is one of the highest peaks in the world, with a height of about 8,848 meters, equivalent to 29,028 feet, and was known as the summit of the fifteenth, before it was discovered by the Department of Survey of the Government of India, which was headed by Sir George Everest In 1856, it proved to be the highest peak in the world.
Location of Mount Everest
Mount Everest is located in Asia on the border of Nepal and Tibet.
The climate in Mount Everest
The atmosphere of Mount Everest is extremely cold, with temperatures at its peak between 20-35 ° C, wind speed of 280 km / h, and average hurricanes on the summit of Everest is one hurricane for every four days.
Geology of Mount Everest
The Himalayas began to rise due to technological factors when the Indo-Australian plate began to move towards the Eurasian plate until it slipped below it about 40 or 50 million years ago. The mountain contains metamorphic rocks topped by granitic rocks.
There are a few animals in Mount Everest. In the lowlands, some mammals such as musk deer, snow leopards, and red pandas live. Tibet has a small number of insects living there. Among them are the jumping spiders found. Which live at the height of 22,000 feet, which eat other insects brought by the wind during their blowing.
Climb at Mount Everest Facts
Climbing Mount Everest is one of the most challenging things to achieve, despite the development of weather forecasting and mountaineering equipment. Mountain, due to the remoteness from the Nepalese side, and this forced climbers to use animals capable of carrying baggage, as existing aircraft have been carried in the Valley Combos area by facilitating mobility to neighboring EverestForex areas, it is more important than climbing Mount Everest are:
New Zealander Edmund Percival Hillary and Nepalese Tensing Norgay were the first to climb Mount Everest and reached its summit on May 29, 1953.
On June 16, 1975, Junko Tabi was the first girl to reach the summit of Everest.
Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler managed to climb Mount Everest without the use of oxygen containers on May 8, 1978. Reinhold Messner returned to climb the Mount Everest on August 20, 1980. He became the first to climb Mount Everest alone without the use of oxygen cans.
Hans Kammerlander managed to climb the north side of Mount Everest on May 24, 1966. He reached the summit in 16 hours and 45 minutes, setting a record.
In May 1999, Babu Cherry Sherpa was able to stay on top of the mountain without using any oxygen containers for 21 hours.
Eric Weinmeier was the first blind man to reach Mount Everest on May 25, 2001.
Nepalese-born Pemba Dorji climbed the summit of Mount Everest in 8 hours and 10 minutes, on May 21, 2004.
On June 2, 2005, Lakpa Sherpa successfully climbed Mount Everest, of Nepalese origin.
Abba Sherpa’s 21st attempt to climb Mount Everest was successful on May 11, 2011.
Jordan’s Mustafa Khalifa climbed Mount Everest in 2008, becoming the first Jordanians to do so, and one of the 13 people in the world to climb the world’s seven highest peaks, visiting the North and South Poles.