The mimic octopus can be found in the shallow ocean waters of southeast Asia. This species managed to evade formal discovery until 1998. As its name suggests, this octopus has the ability to mimic other animals. Octopuses are able to change the color and texture of their skin in the blink of an eye in order to blend with their environment.
This allows them to hide from predators while stationary. The mimic octopus takes it one step further by mimicking the coloration. And behaviors of venomous and unpalatable animals like flatfish, lionfish, and sea snakes, this octopus can move throughout the day while evading predators. This gives the mimic octopus the advantage of foraging for crustaceans and fish during the day instead of at night.
The instant color change of an octopuses skin is made possible by specialized cells called chromatophores. Each cell contains a sack full of pigment. An array of nerves and muscles control whether each sack expands, making the color more visible. Their body has no bones but consists of a complex nervous system, a beak for crushing prey, and three hearts.
Two hearts pump blood through the gills and one heart pumps blood through the body. At night, the mimic octopus hides in a burrow that it has made by digging into the sandy seafloorOctopuses don’t live very long.
A male will die shortly after mating with a female and the female will die shortly after laying her eggs. As a last resort for defense, octopuses can squirt out a jet of ink to confuse predators and make a quick getaway. Predators may include groupers and barracudas,