River

The river is a stream which has Dftan a large amount of freshwater flowing from the explosion of water from the eyes of the earth or stems from the lakes are present on the surface of the ground or as a result of heavy rainfall taking place. The flow of river water generates a geomorphological capacity that leads to erosion, which contributes to the formation of the earth’s surface by the erosion of rocks and the transfer of sediment as it flows. Because the river is more powerful and more profound than rainwater, the river contributes more to the formation of the Earth’s surface than rain.

The longest river in the world

The Nile is the longest river in the world

The Nile River is the longest river in the world, which stretches the length of 6,825 km, which thus exceeds the range of the Amazon River, which runs the distance of 6,437 km. Over the years, the river, which deserves the title of the longest river in the world, has been widely debated. Barra does not make it part of the Amazon River, and thus the Nile River is the title of the longest river in the world.

Geography of the Nile

The theory of the formation and development of the River Nile goes back some 25,000 years when the drainage of water from East Africa into the Victoria Lake led to the development of an outlet to the north, from which the rain began to flow to the Dam Lake. As a result of the accumulation of sediments over many years, the water level in this lake gradually increased, resulting in a flood, after which the lake was drained and moved to the north. The flowing water of the Dam Lake, which formed the riverbed, connected the two main parts of the Nile, thus unifying the drainage of Lake Victoria to the Mediterranean.

The River Nile originates primarily from Lake Victoria, the second-largest freshwater lake in the world. The Nile flows from Jinja in Uganda, which lies to the north of the lake, and flows north over the Ripon Falls. The Nile Basin comprises seven main areas: the East African Lake Plateau, the Mountain, White Nile, Blue Nile, Atbara, the Nile north of Khartoum in Sudan, Egypt, and the Nile Delta. The Nile River is divided into two main tributaries: the White Nile and the Blue Nile, which meet in Khartoum and together form the main river course.

People of the Nile

Many different and multicultural peoples live on the banks of the Nile because of its length and spread across more than one country and city. The average population density in the cultivated parts of the southern delta floodplains is 1,280 persons/km 2. The vast majority of the Nile peoples are peasant farmers. Among the people living on the banks of the Nile are those who speak Nilotic languages, such as the Shilluk, Dinka, and Nuer in South Sudan. These peoples live on the banks of the Nile and cultivate the surrounding land, as they graze.

Blue Nile

The Blue Nile originates from the prominent Ethiopian plateau, descending north and northwest from an altitude of 6,000 feet above sea level. The source of the Blue Nile spring is Lake Tana, which is estimated to supply the Nile with about 7% of its total volume. Although it may seem small, this water is essential because it is silt-free. The river then flows west and northwest through Sudan to join the White Nile in Khartoum. The river passes through a narrow valley most of its route from Lake Tana to the arrival of the Sudanese plains.

White Nile

The White Nile spans 500 miles (804,672 km) and provides the river with about 15% of its total size. The White Nile begins in the city of Malakal in Sudan, joins the Blue Nile in Khartoum, and has no significant tributaries. All areas of the White Nile are characterized by a quiet current, often with a narrow margin of marshland. The valley of the White Nile is wide and shallow, resulting in significant loss of water through evaporation and leakage.

The Nile Delta

The Nile Delta is the last part of the Nile, located on the shores of. The Mediterranean Sea in northern Egypt. The Nile delineates off the course and forms two branches, both of which flow into the Mediterranean, the first being the Damietta branch in the east, and the. Rashid branch in the west to form two triangular sides of the delta. The Nile Delta is one of the largest deltas in the world, starting from the city of Cairo, and extends from the town of Port Said in the east to. Alexandria in the west, on an area of ​​240 km 2, and its length extends to about 160 km.

Atbara River

The Atbara River is the last tributary of the Nile. The confluence of the Nile is about 200 miles (321,869 km) north of Khartoum. The most important tributaries that feed the. Atbara River are the Sea of ​​Peace, the Setit River, and the most important of which is the latter; it has a basin larger than twice the size of the Atbara basin itself. For most of its course in Sudan, Atbara is far below the level of the plain. It is worth mentioning that. Atbara contributes more than 10% of the total annual flow of the Nile River from July to October.

 

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