What is Island?

Island is a form of geography scattered across the earth. It is a piece of land located in the middle of an area of ​​water surrounded by all sides. The size of the island varies.

It may be a small landmass that does not exceed several meters or extends to several kilometers, and this island can itself constitute a continent or an independent state and can be a group of islands a whole state.

which is called the archipelago, and the different islands In terms of their types, there are six different types of islands: the continental islands, the barrier, the tidal and the islands, the coral, the oceanic and the artificial.

Greenland is the largest island in the world

Greenland is the largest island in the world

Greenland the largest island in the world,  and the second-largest plate of ice in the world after Antarctica and Greenland is part of the Kingdom of Denmark and the subsidiary,

but it has the administrative rule of self since 1979 and the system of rule of parliamentary democracy. The capital of Greenland is the city of Nuuk and is divided into four municipalities: Kogalak, Kaswitsup, Kolkata, and Sermersuk. Greenland was named by

the Norwegian adventurer Erik Thorvaldson (Erik Red) in 985 to attract settlers to the island.

Geography of Greenland

Greenland Island has an area of 2,166,086 km 2, of which 410,449 km 2 is not covered by snow, while the remaining area is covered by snow (1,755,637 km 2 ), its coastline extends 44,087 km, and is 1,792 meters above sea level.

As is the island of Greenland in the ranking No. 12 as the largest country in the world, it is located in the north of the continent of North Africa; between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, to the northeast of Canada.

As for the climate, temperatures vary between regions of Greenland because of its large area, but in general Greenland has a very cold climate or so-called Arctic climate, the average temperature is 10 degrees Celsius in the summer months,

in the southern regions the average temperature increases for more than 20 In June, July, and August, Greenland has air that is classified as one of the best and purest in the world due to its location in the north. The air is generally described as very dry, and humidity is described as low.

Residents of Greenland

The population of Greenland Island is 57,728 people, according to the statistics of 2016, and is ranked 206th in the world in terms of population, most of the population centers are concentrated on the south-west coast of the island,

with limited population scattered along the remaining coast. The interior is uninhabited. Inuit or Eskimo make up the vast majority of the island’s population (88%), while Denmark, other peoples, and ethnicities make up the remaining 12%, according to 2010 statistics.

The languages ​​spoken in Greenland are Greenland and Danish, the two official languages. English is also widely spoken. Greenlanders embrace the Evangelical Lutheran religion, as well as the traditional spiritual beliefs of the Inuit.

History of Greenland

Island Between 2.500 and 800 BC, Greenland was home to the Bailu-Eskimo, and Sakaka culture was present on the island at the time, and scientists discovered traces dating back to 1,300 BC, evidence of that civilization; in 875 the Norwegian Vikings The Icelandic occupation of Greenland,

and centered in the southwestern areas, and the population of the Red Eric came to the island in 982 and increased the number of Scandinavian immigrants to about 300 people in 1261, and in that same year the islanders voted for the union with Norway, and in 1380 the island united with Denmark underwent Greenland rule Dane,

and died all the settlers of the island for obscure reasons during the fifteenth century, either as a result of an attack from the Eskimos or as a result of the climate of the frigid, and this is what scientists have endured. In 1500, Manuel I of Portugal sent explorer Jasper Corti to Greenland in search of the northwestern corridor of Asia.

This trip was according to the Treaty of Tordesillas, which was part of Portuguese influence. A year later, explorer Jasper returned with his brother and found a frozen sea in a province. Some Portuguese explorers established settlements on the island of Greenland at the time, and in 1721 a Norwegian Christian.

began colonizing Greenland after establishing a mission and a trade center in Nuuk, after which Denmark took over Greenland after the end of the union between Norway and Denmark. Denmark carried out many scientific research campaigns in the 19th and 20th centuries where the International Court of Justice upheld Denmark’s request to consider its dependence on Greenland.

During World War II in 1940, the Germans invaded Denmark, and the United States protected and defended the island of Greenland in 1941. The United States, in cooperation with Denmark, destroyed the weather stations established by Germany on the island, and the United States set up several stations and military bases in Greenland,

in 1951 the United States agreed with Denmark on a military agreement that the defense of Greenland is the responsibility of NATO, and in 1961 the United States established the largest radar station in the world on the island of Greenland, and in 1953 The change of the constitution and turned Greenland from a colony to a Danish province,

and has rights and duties such as the Danish population and the rest of the regions in Denmark, and the people of Greenland were granted the right to vote in elections and got Greenland autonomy in 1979.

Greenland policy

Margaret II is the Governor-General of Greenland, who appoints a High Commissioner to represent the Danish government in Greenland. On November 25, 2008, Greenland Islanders voted in a referendum on a plan to grant the island self-government from Denmark.

The result of the referendum was 75.54%. Just their consent to self-rule, in contrast, voted 23.57% reject the plan, and voted for approval saw that the plan paves the way for Greenland to assume more administrative tasks on the island and be a complete disposition of resources of oil and uranium, diamonds, zinc, and gas.

Economy in Greenland

In 1979, the people of Greenland began to hold office and govern themselves without outside interference. The European Union in 1985, and today depends on the economy of the island of Greenland fishing and export canned, which is its largest source of income, and recently began drilling for oil and other minerals through the National Oil Company established by the government,

to develop Hydrocarbons industry, the company launched Copenhagen to raise funds to support and develop research and rubies production sectors, which began exploitation in 2007, and the activity of mining extraction is very active, and the economy is recovering where the extraction of nickel, tungsten, titanium, aluminum, platinum and copper, and dominate

the sector Half of the government income is subsidized by the Danish government. After the great suffering suffered by the island in the early 1990s, the economy started to improve, and the government began to adopt self-control over its resources and followed a tight fiscal policy. When the mining mines were closed in 1990,

Greenland’s economy suffered greatly until new sources of sapphire were discovered and the government sought to exploit it and revive the economy by exporting it to the world. At the 85-nation whaling meeting, Denmark sought lobbying from the European Union to allow Greenlanders to hunt the 50 humpback whales every five years to feed the population. A whale every five years, in order not to be eliminated and extinct,

Independence of Greenland

The island’s current system of government is a parliamentary constitutional democratic monarchy. The island is governed by Queen Margaret II. Kim Kiselin is the country’s prime minister and is based in Nuuk, the capital of the country. Official dealings since 2009.

Greenland Brief

Greenland is an independent country within the Kingdom of Denmark. Greenland demanded that its local government be given more powers in 2008. The Danish Royal Government is now concerned with foreign relations, security, financial matters, and Gives citizens subsidize

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