The Constitution is an important document that outlines the system of government in the State and works to clarify the rights and duties of citizens,
as it is the primary basis upon which the state and its form. In this article, we will mention a number of types of the constitution that have been adopted in many countries of the world.
Types of Constitution and facts
The Constitution is a set of laws found to facilitate the lives of individuals, so it has a number of sections and classifications commensurate with its content or the period for which it was established, and these constitutions include the following:
Rigid Constitution: This type of constitutions difficult to make changes to its provisions only by a series of tight procedures, such as a popular referendum or with the approval of most members of parliament, and the rigid constitution is spread in many Arab and international countries.
Flexible Constitution: Change in the laws of this Constitution in simple ways such as a vote in Parliament, if approved, the provisions of the Constitution are changed.
Protracted Constitution: These constitutions existed in order to solve a range of problems in a detailed and expanded manner, such as the Constitution of India and the Soviet Union.
Permanent Constitution: Laws that are enforced for very long periods, where they are changed only if there is a need to change them.
Short Constitution: This Constitution is designed for important issues only without going into details such as the Constitution of the State of Kuwait.
The unwritten constitution: These laws were customary for a period of time and then worked on for long periods until they became mandatory provisions, for example, the English Constitution.
Provisional Constitution: This law was drawn up for a certain period of time and to resolve a specific and urgent issue.
The Constitution contains a set of basic iodine, which determines the way the state to carry out its tasks or it shows what that state and its pillars and pillars, and the contents of which are the following:
- The nature and nature of the state, such as the system of government, religion, language, and others.
- The political system and the authorities that will carry out the functions of the state, as well as explain how people take office and their powers.
- The rights and duties that citizens and officials must abide by.
- The most important duties and duties that the state must provide to its citizens.
Methods of constitution-making
The Constitution is one of the pillars of society so that it is almost its mainstay and the reason for its establishment and continuation, so certain ways have been developed to put it in order to perform its task of conducting the affairs of individuals and the state, including:
- The constitution is drafted and written by the people and individuals themselves by their deputies in parliament, called the democratic way.
- The law and the constitution are written in a non- democratic way, through the ruling authority, without the knowledge of the people.
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