Africa | The largest country in Africa


    Africa has an area of about 3,024,450 square kilometers, making it the second-largest continent in the world, where it is connected to Asia through the Sinai Peninsula, and extends on the equator , the maritime borders are: the Mediterranean Sea in the north, the Atlantic Ocean in the southern and western part, The Indian Ocean is also on the south and eastern side. Africa is followed by several islands, the largest of which is the island of Madagascar, in addition to the island of St. Helena, Ascension, Auburn, Cape Verde Islands, Comoros, and others.

    The largest country in Africa

    Algeria covers an area of 2,381,740 square kilometers, so it is the largest country in Africa, and is the tenth-largest country in the world, is also a member of the African Union, the United Nations and Arab associations, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is second in terms of area, then Sudan, Then Libya, then Chad ranked fifth.


    Algeria is located in the north of the continent of Africa, bordered to the north by the Mediterranean Sea, and its land borders share with seven countries: Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, in addition to Niger, Tunisia, and the western part of the Sahara, despite the large area except for 80% of them are desert, so the climate is dry to semi-arid, characterized by mild and humid winters, while the summer winds are sirocco winds loaded with sand, as is spread in Algeria mountains, including Atlas mountain range in the far north , And the Hogar Mountains filled with valleys and caves in the south, as well as the plains Landlocked narrow.


    Algeria is divided into 48 provinces and more than 1,500 municipalities, where 43.05 million people live according to the statistics of 2019, ranking in terms of society in the world is 34, as the largest population is located in the capital city of Algiers, with a population of 3.7 The population density of the Republic of Algeria is high, with 15.9 inhabitants per square kilometer.

    Prehistoric Algeria was inhabited by many empires, such as the Romans, the Byzantines, the Ottomans, and the Turks. Most of its inhabitants are Berber Arabs. Nearly 1.5 million people are semi-nomadic. It is the second-largest French-speaking country, with about 11 million people using it.

    Africa’s most populous country

    Africa is the second largest continent in terms of population, with a population of 1.2 billion people. Of the fifty-four countries, Nigeria is the largest country in Africa in terms of people, with a population of 200,962,599 in 2019. Ethiopia’s population is 112,078,730, so it is the second-most populous country, followed by Egypt, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Africa, and Tanzania.


    Nigeria shares its borders with several countries: Niger to the north, Chad and Cameroon to the east, the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean to the south, and Benin in the west, and plains that extend from north to south in Nigeria abound, such as: The plains of Borno are in the northeastern part, and there are plateaus and hills in the center such as the Jos Plateau, whose surfaces are composed of lava, as well as the Odei Nsouka Plateau, which rises about 300 meters above the plains. The Jutil Mountains are the highest points in the country, climbing 2,419 meters.

    The smallest country in Africa

    The Gambia is the smallest country in Africa The Islamic Republic of the Gambia is known as the smallest country on the continent of Africa, extending for 10 kilometers on both sides of a river that runs through it is known as the Gambia River, which flows into the Atlantic Ocean. The people of this country are famous for their love of music and their distinctiveness and the art of dance as well.

    How many Arab African countries

    The number of Arab African countries The total number of Arab countries in the world is twenty-two and can be classified as follows according to their location: Twelve countries are located in Asia (Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Yemen, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Oman, UAE, Kuwait, Iraq, and Qatar). On the African continent are ten countries (Egypt, Libya, Sudan, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Mauritania, Comoros, Djibouti, and Somalia).

    Sort countries by area

    Geodesy is a study of the shape, size, and sphere of the Earth , with more specific details, such as the observation of the solid Earth from landing, distortion and structure resulting from tectonic, volcanic, and other natural phenomena, as well as human activity; , Such as sea-level rise, ice sheets, intermediate terrain characteristics; monitoring changes in Earth rotation such as polar motion, day length, monitoring time changes in the Earth’s gravity field; and positioning, and their changes over or above the Earth’s surface at most Of precision.

    Sort countries by area

    The world is divided into several different geographical areas and areas.
    Region Area in hectare the world 129,733,172.7
    Europe and Central Asia 27,439,638.0
    East Asia and the Pacific 24,387,020.3
    Sub-Saharan Africa 23,618,361.0
    Latin America and the Caribbean 20,039,364.4
    North America 18,240,980.0
    Arab world 13,621,413.0
    The Middle East and North Africa 11,236,232.0
    South Asia 4,771,577.0
    The European Union 4,238,213.0
    Euro-zone 2,678,181.0
    Central Europe and the Baltic 1,103,976.0
    Small Pacific Islands 64,200.0
    African countries and their population
    Is the continent of Africa from the continents of the ancient world, with an area of about 30,319,000 km 2 2 , with a population of approximately 670 million people, and containing 54 countries differ in terms of area, population, and is considered the continent one of the first areas settled In this article, we will learn about the countries of Africa and their population.

    What is the wealthiest country in Africa

    According to the institutions responsible for studying the economies of the world and countries, the level of wealth and poverty in the country is judged by measuring the “average GDP per capita” in the country, which means the level of per capita living compared to the services provided by the state and the level of living income per capita and its ability to adapt and coexist In addition to the unemployment rate,

    the country’s population and its sources of revenue. Based on the above, the wealthiest countries are determined according to the above, and in this article, we will identify the most prosperous nations on the African continent by measuring the “average gross domestic product. Therefore, the first rich country on the African continent is the country of” Seychelles,” followed in order Guinea, Gabon, Botswana,

    South Africa, Libya, Tunisia, Namibia, Algeria, and finally the Arab Republic of Egypt. Seychelles is an African country located in the Indian Ocean between the two continents of Asia and Africa. It is a group of picturesque islands beautifully attributed to Africa geographically, and the population is Asian. Most of its people have Indian and Chinese origins in addition to the sources of the colonial old.

    Seychelles consists of one hundred and fifteen islands, the most famous of which are Mahe Island, Praslin Island, and Ladigo Island. The islands were discovered in the sixteenth century, and taken by the pirates hideout, and then colonized by the French and brought with it many African slaves, and exploited them in the cultivation of reeds, sugar, tea and coffee, and later occupied by the British and brought with them more Indian and Chinese slaves. The official currency of the country is “rupee,” which has several coastal languages, including the Crowell and Arabic,

    where Muslims represent 4% of the population. Its capital and largest city are Victoria, while its economy relies on tourism, a significant source of income. The country is witnessing rapid growth in progress and prosperity, where the adoption of the most prestigious hotels and tourist resorts that attract millions of visitors annually, because of the beauty of nature,

    as its islands and beaches are considered one of the most beautiful beaches and islands in the world, and therefore called the “Pearl of the Indian Ocean” The beaches are characterized by the whiteness of their sand and softness, and there are distinctive granite rocks, which are golden, and there are natural sculptures decorate its beaches, and most beautifully give it the color of emerald water and green-blue.

    Africa’s largest country by area

    Algeria is the largest African country in terms of space, and it is the largest area among the Arab countries, with an area of 2,381,741 km, the main religion is the Islamic religion, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Tunisia and Libya to the east, Mali and Niger to the south, Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Republic Mauritania is from the West, one of the founding members of the Arab Maghreb Union, a member of the League of Arab States, the African Union, and other global and regional institution.

    African countries

    North African countries Algeria. Egypt. Libya. Morocco, West, sunset. South Sudan. Sudan. Tunisia. The Western Desert.

    West African countries

    Boys. Burkina Faso. Greenhead. Cote d’Ivoire. The Gambia. Ghana. Guinea. Guinea-Bissau. Liberia. Financial. Mauritania. Niger. Nigeria. St. Helena. Senegal. Sierra Leon. Togo.

    The central African States

    Angola. Cameroon. The central African Republic. Chad. Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville). Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa). Equatorial Guinea. Gabon. Sao Tome. Principe.

    East African countries

    Burundi. Island of the Moon. Djibouti. Eritrea. Ethiopia. Kenya. Madagascar. Malawi. Mauritius. Mozambique. No reunion. Rwanda. Seychelles. Somalia. Tanzania. Uganda. Zambia. Zimbabwe.

    South African countries

    Botswana. Lesotho. Namibia. South Africa. Swaziland.

    The richest country in Africa

    Nigeria is the wealthiest country in Africa International Monetary Fund for the year 2015 reports confirmed that the wealthiest countries in the continent of Africa are a country of Nigeria, the Fund has adopted it classified the presence of ore resources of petroleum products, high per capita income level relative to the GNP, in addition to other water resources and agricultural.


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